|Title||Surname First Name|
|In Praise of Bodily Functions||Allen, Richard James|
|Sudden Ode to a Practical Consumer Good||Allen, Richard James|
The term ‘ode’ comes from ancient Greek, and was originally a song in lyric metres accompanied by music and dance. Pindar’s odes, the earliest known, were usually formal celebrations of athletic victories in three parts: an opening (or ‘strophe’), a middle section (‘antistrophe’) that mirrored the opening, and a closing section (‘epode’) in a different form. Hundreds of years later the Latin poet Horace simplified, urbanised and loosened the ode, creating a quieter and more personal and reflective form, usually in repeated stanzas.
The modern ode has no prescribed formal shape, but often keeps the general celebratory formal tone of the classical ode. Some notable odes: ‘Ode to a Nightingale’ (John Keats), ‘Ode to the West Wind’ (Shelley).
Australian examples are John Forbes: ‘Death, an Ode’ (‘Death, you're more successful than America, / even if we don't choose to join you, we do…’), Ken Bolton: ‘Christ's Entry into Brussels or Ode To The Three Stooges’, A.D. Hope: ‘Ode on the Death of Pius the Twelfth’, John Tranter: ‘Ode to Col Joye’.