An epic poem is a long narrative poem dealing with the struggles and journeys of heroes, individually or in groups. The tone of the epic poems is often elevated and the language stylised, and their stories deal with inexorable fate, superhuman qualities, great deeds and extraordinary adventures. Ancient civilisations furnish us with our earliest poetic works, and they are often epics: the story of Gilgamesh (Bablyonian), Homer’s ‘Iliad’ and ‘The Odyssey’ (ancient Greek), and Virgil’s ‘Aeneid’ (Latin). The Old Norse sagas are epics too, on a more human scale, but with the modern age, use of the epic declined. Mock-epic and comic epics were written by Pope and Byron, and Matthew Arnold wrote a grand quasi-epic about ancient Persian warriors, ‘Sohrab and Rustum’ in the Victorian age.